The Thar Desert or the Great Indian Desert, is in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent spread more than 200,000 sq. km
Due to the diversified habitat, the wildlife in this arid region is very rich. Several rare species are found here and several of them are endemic to the region. Some wildlife species, which are fast vanishing in other parts of India, are found in the desert in large numbers such as the Great Indian Bustard, the Blackbuck, the Indian Gazelle, and the Indian Wild Ass. They have evolved excellent survival strategies.
The Desert National Park, Jaisalmer, spread over an area of 3162 kmē, is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert, and its diverse fauna. Great Indian Bustard, Blackbuck, chinkara, desert fox, Bengal fox, wolf, desert cat etc. can be easily seen here. Seashells and massive fossilized tree trunks in this park record the geological history of the desert. It is an ideal place for migratory and resident birds of the desert. One can see many eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures.
Many types of Eagles, Laggar Falcons (Falco jugger) and kestrels are found in Wildlife Sanctuaries Talchaper in Churu District. This sanctuary is home to a large population of graceful Blackbuck. Desert Fox and Desert Cat can also be spotted along with typical avifauna such as Partridge and Sand Grouse.
The Thar Desert is one of the most populous deserts of the world. The main occupation of the people in desert is agriculture and animal husbandry. A large irrigation and power project has reclaimed areas of the northern and western desert for agriculture. A large number of families in villages still live in huts which are housing units formed with straws and thin wood-sticks. A colourful culture rich in tradition prevails in the desert. The people have a great passion for music and poetry folk dance and folk music
Desert safaris on camels have become increasingly popular around Jaisalmer. Desert Safari can be arranged through Jeep Safari and Camel Safari. Jeep Safari is a beautiful way to experience the beauty of Thar Desert. The state is rich in forts and havelis. Desert Jeep Safari is one of the most adventurous and rewarding of all the safaris which you would have undertaken.
The Great Desert and Sam Dunes come alive during the desert festival with a sound and light show, and gala spectacles of dance and music which will be memorable forever. Rajasthan desert festivals are celebrated with great zest and zeal. This festival is held once a year during winters. The fair has snake charmers, puppeteers, acrobats and folk performers.